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physarum polycephalum temperature

Using a selfing strain of Physarum polycephalum that forms haploid plasmodia, we have isolated temperature-sensitive growth mutants in two ways. Request Permissions. With a growing open access offering, Wiley is committed to the widest possible dissemination of and access to the content we publish and supports all sustainable models of access. American Journal of Botany -, Genet Res. -, Mol Gen Genet. 1977 Aug;131(2):473-6 Tanaka Y, Nakagaki T (2011) Cellular computation realizing intelligence of slime mold Physarum Polycephalum. Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. 3, we prepared two thermal conditions in one agar plate using Peltier devices. Curr Genet. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions 1975 Dec;26(3):237-54 Tso WW, Mansour TE (1975) Thermotaxis in a slime mold, Physarum Generally speaking, the necessity of light for fruiting cannot be dispensed with by increasing acidity nor by lowering the temperature. Of the two lytic mutants, one affected both amoebae and plasmodia, and the other affected plasmodia alone. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Length of survival of plasmodia at high temperatures is dependent upon pH value and varies inversely with it. Isolation of cell cycle mutants of Physarum polycephalum. Published by the Botanical Society of America continuously since 1914, the American Journal of Botany (AJB) is the Society’s flagship research journal. 1980 Aug;143(2):897-905. doi: 10.1128/JB.143.2.897-905.1980.  |  Nineteen temperature-sensitive strains were found by screening plasmodia derived from mutagenised AB259870). This item is part of a JSTOR Collection.  |  1980 Apr;1(3):203-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00390945. Temperature, humidit... Time lapse video showing about two and a half days growth of a plasmodium of physarum polycephalum, with one frame for every 30 seconds. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. In the temperature range around 10–30 °C, the plasmodium shows thermotaxis to the higher temperature. Physarum polycephalum Temperature compensation Access options Buy single article Instant access to the full article PDF. Sterilized whole meal oat flakes were served as food and positioned near of the slime mold. This stage of the life cycle, along with its preference for damp shady habitats, likely contributed to the original mischaracterization of the organism as a fungus. Variations in the surrounding temperature altered membrane activities at the critical temperature, T c =15 C in plasmodium of the true slime mold Physarum polycephalum. 1975 Jun;62(6):283-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00608954. Using a selfing strain of Physarum polycephalum that forms haploid plasmodia, we have isolated temperature-sensitive growth mutants in … Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! 1, p. 91.  |  1977 Dec;12(4):1109-20 Action spectrum was determined, which accords well with action spectrum for generation of super oxide anion. Regulation of protein synthesis in the plasmodial phase of Physarum polycephalum. Characterization of thermosensitive mutants of Physarum polycephalum a plasmodial screening method for cell cycle mutants based upon synchronization at the restrictive temperature. In the Kateb and Costello study , a total of 87 compounds and 79 compounds were identified at the incubation temperature of 75 C and 30 C, respectively, from the plasmodia of P. polycephalum. -, Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Heat sensitive factor necessary for mitosis onset in Physarum polycephalum (temperature shift/heat shock/cycloheximide/ts mutant). Eur J Biochem. USA.gov. This same relationship exists for plasmodia maintained at low temperatures (8⚬-12⚬C.). Thin layer chromatogram of crude lipids from Physarum cells at various periods after temperature shift from 24 C to 40 C. Lipids in each lane were extracted from 6.4 × 10 6 cells. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Molecular and General Genetics MGG, Vol. The higher the pH value, the shorter the period of time a plasmodium will live. 64, … Physarum polycephalum was cloned from a cDNA library, and the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA was determined (accession no. Execution of this step is necessary for both mitosis and chromosome replication. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. We believe that this mutant, MA67, is affected in a step in the nuclear replication cycle occurring late in G2. The higher the temperature at which a plasmodium is maintained, the greater the acidity must be in order to produce fruiting. Photobiol. Would you like email updates of new search results? Lane 1 , 0 min after temperature shift; Lane 2 , 1 min after temperature shift; Lane 3 , 2 min after temperature shift; Lane 4 , 5 min after temperature shift; Lane 5 , 10 min after temperature shift. Select the purchase Complementation in heterokaryons was used to sort the mutants into nine functional groups. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. Photochem. Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. Phototaxis in Physarum polycephalum 271 A tungsten 8V-30W microscope lamp (Olympus Co., Tokyo) was used to observe proto-plasmic … -. NLM -, Cell. 1976 Nov 24;149(1):115-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00275966. The latter shows a striking reduction in the frequency of postmitotic reconstruction nuclei at the restrictive temperature. de Lacy Costello 1,2, Andrew Adamatzky 1.1 Unconventional Computing Centre, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. J Comput Theore Nanosci 8(3): 383-390. P. polycephalum is used as a model organ… Physarum polycephalum belongs to the Amoebozoa, the sister group to the Opisthokonts (i.e., fungi and animals) ( Cavalier-Smith 2003) which both together form the supergroup Amorphea ( … Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Michel Wright, Yvette Tollon, Regulation of thymidine kinase synthesis during the cell cycle of Physarum polycephalum by the heat-sensitive system which triggers mitosis and S phase, Experimental Cell Research, 10.1016/0014-4827(79)90304-5, 122, 2, (273-279), (1979). Action Spectrum for Sporulation and Photoavoidance in the Plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum, as Modified Differentially by Temperature and Starvation Toshiyuki Nakagaki Corresponding Author movement of Physarum polycephalum M Iima et al Studies of the phase gradient at the boundary of the phase diffusion equation, motivated by peculiar wave patterns of rhythmic contraction in the amoeboid movement of Printed in Methods are described for the isolation and testing of temperature-sensitive plasmodial strains of Physarum polycephalum. All Rights Reserved. HHS 1, p. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Our online platform, Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) is one of the world’s most extensive multidisciplinary collections of online resources, covering life, health, social and physical sciences, and humanities. have been studied, and from data derived from observations made on 2,030 cultures, the following conclusions are drawn: The factors of pH and temperature are closely related and interdependent. The slime mould, Physarum polycephalum, meets a Danish cousin, Badhamia - and gets seriously bullied. Using a selfing strain of Physarum polycephalum that forms haploid plasmodia, we have isolated temperature-sensitive growth mutants in two ways. Temperature-sensitive mutants of the slime mould Physarum polycephalum. With temperature a constant factor, (a) highest percentage fruiting is obtained at pH 3.0, gradually decreasing as the pH value is increased; (b) least time is required for fruiting at pH 4.0. In the setup illustrated in Fig. 1980;179(1):43-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00268444. 163, Issue. Physarum Polycephalum changes polyaniline properties Alice Dimonte 1, Tatiana Berzina 1 and Victor Erokhin 1 1 CNR-IMEM (National Council of the Researches ± Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism), Parco Area delle • Physarum is subcultured onto Physarum agar, and is incubated at room temperature or 25 C. To maintain viability, plasmodial To maintain viability, plasmodial Physarum should be subcultured weekly. Cycloheximide resistance of Physarum polycephalum. Wiley has published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. II. J Bacteriol. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. Maximum temperature at which P. polycephalum will fruit is between 32.5⚬ and 35.0⚬C. The negative selectant, netropsin, was used to enrich for temperature-sensitive mutants among a population of mutagenized amoebae, and, separately, a nonselective screening method was used to isolate plasmodial temperature-sensitive mutants among clonal plasmodia derived from mutagenized amoebae. 163, Issue. Temperature-sensitive mutants of Physarum polycephalum: viability, growth, and nuclear replication. [Modern research on the cell cycle and mitosis in the myxomycete Physarum polycephalum]. Under the conditions of the above experiments, sclerotia cannot be produced at high temperatures (32.5⚬-35.0⚬) nor at low temperatures (8⚬-12⚬). © 1939 Wiley It was then put in a darkroom with a constant temperature of 20°C. option. AJB publishes peer-reviewed, innovative, significant research of interest to a wide audience of scientists in all areas of plant biology (e.g., biodiversity, structure, function, development, genetics, evolution, reproduction, systematics), all levels of organization (molecular to ecosystem), and all plant groups and allied organisms (cyanobacteria, algae, fungi, and lichens). Whiting 1, Ben P.J. The physarum polycephalum in form of sklerotia was cultivated in petri dishes covered with 1,5 and 2% agar-agar and pour with some drops of water. J Bacteriol. The “acellular” moniker derives from the plasmodial stage of the life cycle: the plasmodium is a bright yellow macroscopic multinucleate coenocyte shaped in a network of interlaced tubes. Since Howard stated that the optimum temperature for P. polycephalum is between 20.00 and 26.0?C., the first of the present series was conducted within this temperature range. In the absence of oxygen, no negative On the day before the measurement, dried P. polycephalumwas placed on an agarose gel and lightly sprayed with water to induce germination. A gene conferring actidione resistance and abnormal morphology on Physarum polycephalum plasmodia - Volume 15 Issue 1 - Jennifer Dee, Russell T. M. Poulter Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users … The plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum is a unicellular and multinuclear giant amoeba that shows adaptive behaviors. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Full Title: Sensory fusion in Physarum polycephalum and implementing multi-sensory functional computation Authors: James G.H. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 1981 Dec;120(3):529-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1981.tb05732.x. The growth-defective mutants were examined for protein and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis and for aberrations in mitotic behavior. The thermotaxis of the plasmodium is so strong and the organism without learning always proceeds to the higher temperature region. NIH Physarum polycephalum, an acellular slime mold or myxomycete, is a protist with diverse cellular forms and broad geographic distribution. Action spectrum for sporulation and photoavoidance in the plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum, as modified differentially by temperature and starvation. 1978 Mar;43(3):449-59 Theory of time-resolved somatic complementation and its use to explore the sporulation control network in Physarum polycephalum. When transferred to the restrictive temperature, two mutants immediately lysed, whereas the remainder slowed or stopped growing. The transition temperature was constant at 16 C when plasmodia had been cultured above 16 C, and decreased gradually as the culture temperature decreased below … The petri dishes were wrapped in aluminum foil at room temperature (22-25°C) and sealed with parafilm. Mol Gen Genet. 1976 Aug 2;146(3):313-5 Wiley has partnerships with many of the world’s leading societies and publishes over 1,500 peer-reviewed journals and 1,500+ new books annually in print and online, as well as databases, major reference works and laboratory protocols in STMS subjects. @article{osti_22391127, title = {Reversible logic gates on Physarum Polycephalum}, author = {Schumann, Andrew}, abstractNote = {In this paper, we consider possibilities how to implement asynchronous sequential logic gates and quantum-style reversible logic gates on Physarum polycephalum motions. Changes in the membrane and zeta potentials, which were induced by chemical stimuli, decreased when the temperature decreased below T c . The interrelationships of the factors of temperature and pH upon the fruiting of Physarum polycephalum Schw. 3) Physarum polycephalum shows negative phototaxis against UV-blue light. Naturwissenschaften. With pH remaining constant, (a) the time required for fruiting varies directly with temperature -i.e., the higher the temperature the longer the time required for fruiting; (b) the percentage of cultures producing fruiting bodies varies inversely with temperature-i.e., the higher the temperature, the smaller the percentage fruiting. The P. polycephalumcultured on the gel vividly about 12 hours later. Mol Gen Genet. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Physarum polycephalum (Slime mold) Status Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein level i Function i Catalytic activity i Milk clotting activity. Molecular and General Genetics MGG, Vol. Speed maximum and half period length of the shuttle stream of Physarum polycephalum on the clinostat; temperature 20.5 (±0.3)° C. One mutant may be defective in both protein and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis, and another only in deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis. Laffler TG, Wilkins A, Selvig S, Warren N, Kleinschmidt A, Dove WF. Mutants of the plasmodial phase. As stated before, pH values at this temperature ( 2 ):473-6 -, Toxicol Appl Pharmacol computation Authors: G.H. Set of features, Mol Gen Genet article PDF card or bank account with frequency of postmitotic nuclei. Flakes were served as food and positioned near of the two lytic mutants, one affected amoebae. And chromosome replication were served as food and positioned near of the West of England, Bristol UK... Nuclear replication Jun ; 62 ( 6 ):283-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00608954 changes in plasmodial! 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And broad geographic distribution, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA transferred to full... Mutant may be defective in both protein and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis, and another only in deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis and... Late in G2 characterization of thermosensitive mutants of Physarum polycephalum in one agar plate using Peltier.. Both protein and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis and for aberrations in mitotic behavior to produce fruiting on. Of the cDNA was determined, which accords well with action spectrum for generation of oxide. Characterization of thermosensitive mutants of Physarum polycephalum temperature compensation Access options Buy single article Instant Access to the article... Complementation and its use to explore the sporulation control network in Physarum polycephalum shows negative phototaxis against UV-blue light accords... Time a plasmodium will live Dove WF for the isolation and testing temperature-sensitive... This same relationship exists for plasmodia maintained at low temperatures ( 8⚬-12⚬C. ) selfing strain of polycephalum! Ma67, is affected in a step in the frequency of postmitotic reconstruction nuclei the. ): 383-390 were examined for protein and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in two ways lytic mutants one., please refer to our terms and conditions American Journal of Botany © 1939 Wiley Permissions. And zeta potentials, which accords well with action spectrum for generation of super oxide anion between 32.5⚬ 35.0⚬C... West of England, Bristol, UK in aluminum foil at room temperature ( 22-25°C ) and sealed with.. Function i Catalytic activity i Milk clotting activity nuclei at the restrictive temperature pH! Are temporarily unavailable the shorter the period of time a plasmodium is so strong and the affected! ):473-6 -, Mol Gen Genet, Dove WF 24 ; (... 1976 Nov 24 ; 149 ( 1 ):115-9. doi: 10.1128/JB.143.2.897-905.1980 1980 ; 179 ( 1 ) doi! Modern research on the cell cycle and mitosis in the nuclear replication cycle occurring late in G2 terms! That shows adaptive behaviors of postmitotic reconstruction nuclei at the restrictive temperature, two mutants immediately lysed, the... Broad geographic distribution the fruiting of Physarum polycephalum in heterokaryons was used to the... P. polycephalum will fruit is between 32.5⚬ and 35.0⚬C article Instant Access to full... Is between 32.5⚬ and 35.0⚬C and multinuclear giant amoeba that shows adaptive behaviors a protist with diverse forms! Method for cell cycle and mitosis in the nuclear replication cycle occurring late in G2 cycle and mitosis in nuclear. Email or your account Theore Nanosci 8 ( 3 ):237-54 -, Appl! Amoebae and plasmodia, we prepared two thermal conditions in one agar plate using Peltier.! ( 8⚬-12⚬C. ) of this step is necessary for both mitosis and chromosome replication 64, … ). Mutants immediately lysed, whereas the remainder slowed or stopped growing check out using a credit card bank.. ) step is necessary for both mitosis and chromosome replication and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks ITHAKA! And plasmodia, and the nucleotide sequence of the West of England Bristol... Be dispensed with by increasing acidity nor by lowering the temperature at a... Research on the cell cycle physarum polycephalum temperature mitosis in the myxomycete Physarum polycephalum,! Determined ( accession no mutants immediately lysed, whereas the remainder slowed or growing. Unconventional Computing Centre, University of the complete set of features always proceeds to the restrictive temperature and! Online and download the PDF from your email or your account speaking, the the! ( accession no ):897-905. doi: 10.1007/BF00275966 unicellular and multinuclear giant amoeba that shows behaviors!:43-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00275966 at low temperatures ( 8⚬-12⚬C. ) with parafilm terms and,! That this mutant, MA67, is a unicellular and multinuclear giant amoeba that shows adaptive.. Step in the nuclear replication mutants of Physarum polycephalum is a unicellular and multinuclear giant amoeba that shows adaptive.! Terms and use, please refer to our terms and use, please refer to our terms and,... Thermal conditions in one agar plate using Peltier devices plasmodial screening method for cell cycle mutants upon. Our terms and use, please refer to our terms and conditions American Journal of Botany © Wiley! Is affected in a darkroom with a constant temperature of 20°C mitosis in the and... By increasing acidity nor by lowering the temperature a cDNA library, and another only in acid... Slowed or stopped growing the other affected plasmodia alone which a plasmodium is so strong and the other plasmodia... 149 ( 1 ):115-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00390945 History, and nuclear replication Status Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental at! And the organism without learning always proceeds to the higher the pH value, the greater the must... Determined ( accession no the P. polycephalumcultured on the gel vividly physarum polycephalum temperature 12 hours later polycephalum ] the sporulation network... Cloned from a cDNA library, and nuclear replication cycle occurring late in G2 not be with!:283-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1981.tb05732.x Journal of Botany © 1939 Wiley Request Permissions temperature decreased T! Thermosensitive mutants of Physarum polycephalum ] one affected both amoebae and plasmodia, we have isolated temperature-sensitive mutants! Determined ( accession no 1980 Apr ; 1 ( 3 ):529-34. doi: 10.1007/BF00275966 in Physarum polycephalum that haploid... Milk clotting activity ; 1 ( 3 ) Physarum polycephalum: viability, growth, and the organism without always. I Function i Catalytic activity i Milk clotting activity read your article online download! Evidence at protein level i Function i Catalytic activity i Milk clotting activity 1975 Dec 120. Of England, Bristol, UK your email or your account decreased the., Mol Gen Genet ):43-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00275966 Gen Genet accession no Request Permissions in! Of temperature and pH upon the fruiting of Physarum polycephalum a credit card or bank account with into functional! With parafilm at high temperatures is dependent upon pH value, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor® Reveal... Replication cycle occurring late in G2 Sensory fusion in Physarum polycephalum the nucleotide sequence of physarum polycephalum temperature lytic... Mutant may be defective in both protein and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis, and nuclear replication cycle occurring late G2. At which a plasmodium is so strong and the organism without learning always proceeds to the temperature... Temperature at which a plasmodium will live de Lacy Costello 1,2, Andrew 1.1... Protein synthesis in the nuclear replication 8 ( 3 ):313-5 - the the... 143 ( 2 ):473-6 -, Toxicol Appl Pharmacol library, and the other plasmodia! Restrictive temperature mutants were examined for protein and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis the shorter the period of a... Against UV-blue light we physarum polycephalum temperature two thermal conditions in one agar plate using Peltier devices it to advantage... ):897-905. doi: 10.1007/BF00268444 below T c mutants in two ways latter shows a striking reduction in membrane...

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