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Data on musk deer ecology are collected using a variety of methods, including radio tracking, snow tracking, and camera trapping. More importantly, common people are required to be very conscious about the protection of wildlife. This is a strictly moderated site. protection of entire ecosystems required for the habitat of the tiger, and over the years, the tiger population has increased considerably. National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act 1972 of Nepal has listed Musk Deer in the protected animals and there is provision of legal … Project Leader: Bishnu Achhami. Their life is completed by little Addae. These methods will let us answer such important conservation questions such as population status, distribution, territory and habitat use, feeding, diurnal activity, intraspecific communication, and the impact of existing roads on the musk deer population. With the assistance of the Government of India launched a crocodile breeding and management project, initially in Orissa in the year 1975. Only the males produce musk, and females have just one fawn each year. Never mind that she already owned a beautiful flat a few blocks away, that she was forty-four, or that she was married to a man she'd been in love with for … The musk deer, which was once found throughout the Himalayas, has been persecuted by man for its musk used in the preparation of perfumes and medicine. This, coupled with habitat destruction, brought a sharp decline in its population. The Central Government provides assistance for the protection and improvement of the habitat. WCS, the "W" logo, WE STAND FOR WILDLIFE, I STAND FOR WILDLIFE, and STAND FOR WILDLIFE are service marks of Wildlife Conservation Society. adding about 23092 sq. This, coupled with habitat destruction, brought a sharp decline in its population. A conservation project was launched at the Kedarnath sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh (now in Uttarakhand) under the Threatened Deer Programme of the International Union for Conservation of Natural (IUCN) and Natural Resources with the cooperation of the Government of India. Musk Deer Project Photograph courtesy J. Goodrich The Sikhote-Alin State Biosphere Zapovednik (Nature Reserve) recently started a research and conservation program focusing on Far-eas tern musk deer (Moschus moschiferus). The program involves such methods as radio-telemetry, behavioral analysis based on sign, tracking, visual observation, and population monitoring via snow track counts. … Musk deer are mostly active at night. Indian Musk deer is a small sized deer covered with dark brown colored coat. This bird has been endangered because of rampant shooting for its meat. Worldwide, the population size of Siberian musk deer is threatened by severe illegal poaching for commercially valuable musk and meat, habitat losses, and forest fire. Here is the list of endangered and endemic species of deer found in India. Project Description The Himalayan Wildlife Foundation was instrumental in having the remote north east area of the Neelum Valley in AJK notified as the Musk Deer National Park in 2007. Accordingly, the Wildlife (Protection) Act was passed in the year 1972 to protect endangered Indian animals. Four hundred to four hundred fifty kg of raw musk came out of Russia in 1999–2000—about 17,000 to 20,000 male musk deer. As a result of the breeding projects and their management in twelve sanctuaries, the population of the three species has considerably increased. In 1973-74, nine tiger reserves were established. The white-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a musk deer species occurring in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and China. Therefore, high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing was applied to study the dynamic changes in intestinal microbiota during pre-weaning (10 days before weaning) and post-weaning (10 days after weaning) in 15 young forest musk … Online trading of deer musk, extracted by killing endangered musk deer, normally spotted in Kashmir valley in India, has been busted by a secret operation of forest officials of Tiruppattur division i Overview; Credits; Specifications Specs; Screenings / Awards Screenings; Add Poster Image Jarred, after being asked to leave his house, meets Nate in Toronto who teaches him the secret of life, inspires him and loves him. These are Sergey Lineytzev, Gennady Kiselev, Grigory Sukhomirov and Boris Litvinov, who supported our work through their knowledge of the region … They live in the mountains, mostly at heights of 2500 to 3500 meters. This project was initiated in the year 2013 by the Rajasthan Government and it is aimed at saving the rare birds. The Gir Lion Sanctuary Project The Asiatic lion which once existed in the northern and central areas of the Indian sub—continent is now confined to the Gir forest of Gujarat. The details of these projects are discussed below. The Kashmir musk deer, the Himalayan musk deer and the alpine musk deer are three of seven similar species found in Asia’s montane forests and alpine scrublands. Antlers are absent in White-bellied musk deer, but they have a pair of tusks that project out of their mouths. Musk deer live in the mountain forests of Asia, Russia, China, and the Korean Peninsula. Digital Marketing by SpiderWorks Technologies, Kochi - India. The male has long upper canine teeth that project downward from the mouth as tusks and has a musk-producing organ, the musk pod, on its abdomen. They only come together to mate. These methods will let us answer such important conservation questions such as population status, distribution, territory and habitat use, feeding, diurnal activity, intraspecific communication, and the impact of existing roads on the musk deer population. China was the major legal exporter of such products from 1978 to 1996. Musk deer eat grass and moss; in winter they also eat twigs and lichen. Protected Area network has increased from 1.33 lakh sq. For this purpose thorough survey and population estimation techniques will be used to estimate the population of musk deer in the study area. Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. At present, this species is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Adult males have a pod under their abdominal skin which is valued for its scent. vii According to official CITES data, East Asia and Southeast Asia are the major traders and consumers of musk products, primarily for medicinal purposes. After the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 came into vogue, Government of India started some special projects to protect some of the endangered animals of India. The project has ensured protection of entire reserves. The Wildlife Conservation Society, in association with the Pacific Institute of Geography and the Svertsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, is also taking part in this project. However, weaning stress may cause intestinal microbiota-related disorders. Photograph courtesy J. Goodrich The tusks break easily, but growth is continuous. The Musk Deer in the Himalayas are of great importance for the perfume manufacturers as the musk found in the scent gland of male deer is used to create perfumes. No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed. They live in dense forests. The coat has short and soft hair with yellowish or white spots over the body. The present article discusses about various special projects undertaken by the Government of India and various State Governments to protect some endangered species. They are found at altitudes between 2,500m and 4,000m. Everything went to China, Hong Kong, Japan, and South Korea. Life. In order to develop conservation recommendations, there is a need for sound scientific data that can be obtained through research using modern methods. Nanda Devi Sanctuary. Musk deer were on the verge of extinction in Lahaul-Spiti, but after the intervention of local Mahila Mandals, their count is on the rise. Chital deer also known as spotted deer is the most common species of deer found in India and native to the forest of the Indian subcontinent. Same initiative is being taken by the AP government too. If you have any questions or concerns regarding any content published here, feel free to contact us using the Contact link below. Deer are ruminant mammals and the group also include elk, chital, muntjac and reindeer but antelope and musk deer belong to separate families. Musk deer occupy the middle to the higher mountain regions, which cover 12 protected areas of Nepal (6 national parks, 5 conservation areas, 1 hunting reserve). The Manipur Brow-antlered Deer Project The Manipur brow-antlered deer is one of the rarest mammals of the world, localized at Keibul Lamjoa in the south-eastern side of the Logtak Lake. like to thank all field staff of the project that worked in the wild forests in the areas where musk deer have been counted. The number of this deer reduced to mere eighteen in the year 1977; as a result this area was declared a national park in 1977, and conservation measures were initiated for the protection of the species.Project Hangul The Kashmir stag (Hangul) is an endangered mammal, now found only at Dachigam sanctuary and in some other small pockets of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. The Wildlife Conservation Society, in association with the Pacific Institute of Geography and the Svertsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, is also taking part in this project. The scheme was subsequently extended to Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andamans, Assam, Bihar and Nagaland. Now, there are twenty one tiger reserves distributed throughout the country covering a forest area of over 30,500 sq kms. The Directive Principles of State Policy of the Indian Constitution delineates India's commitment to protect the environment. The first men to have reached this Sanctuary, while … It was established in 1980. In order to support the communities living in and round Musk Deer National Park, HWF implemented projects with funding from PPAF for development of the Infrastructure for the communities. The musk deer is grayish brown, with long coarse brittle hair, and stands 50–60 cm (20–24 inches) at the shoulder, slightly higher at the rump. Weaning is an important event for all mammals, including young forest musk deer. They are globally Endangered according to IUCN Red List and listed in CITES Appendix I. The hind limbs are muscular and long and the forelimbs are weak and thin. Musk deer populations in the Russian Far East have been significantly reduced recently due to poaching for the musk gland (found only in males), and due to habitat loss due to intensive logging and forest fires. The fate of 17 virtually abandoned deer at the Musk Deer Breeding Centre in Pithoragarh, Uttar Pradesh, paints a sorry picture of conservation efforts. Siberian musk deer, one of the seven species, is distributed in coniferous forests of Asia. Musk deer populations in Russia have fallen by 50% in the last 10 years according to a report launched by TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network. It is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List because of overexploitation resulting in a probable serious population decline. Article 48-A of the Constitution states: "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country." Description: Rare, elusive and endangered, the Musk Deer is one of the most fascinating species of Deer found in the southern slopes of Himalayas. km. Accordingly, the Wildlife (Protection) Act was passed in the year 1972 to protect endangered Indian animals. The details of these projects are discussed below.Project Tiger Considering the rapid decline of the tiger population in the country, a special task force was set up in 1970 by the Indian Board for Wildlife to prepare an action plan to conserve the tiger population in India. In 1972 the State Government of Gujarat prepared a scheme for the management of the Gir lion sanctuary with proper guidelines for conservation. Spotted Deer – चीतल . In particular, the regional zoologists, game managers and hunting inspectors from the Russian Far East and the Altai-Sayan region are thanked. My appreciation to the author for bringing this article which says much about the top projects being initiated to save the Indian wild life from extinction but the author has forgotten about the Project Great Indian Bustard. It is one of the heaviest flying birds and was once considered for the status of 'National Bird' of India. The maximum length of these tusks is about 10 cm. The best season to visit this Sanctuary is from April to June and again from September to November. Musk Deer: An Aromatic Species If you are someone who is planning a documentary on Himalayan Wildlife then here is something to pay attention to. The musk deer research farm established by the Ayush department in Pithoragarh district in 1977 is witnessing a dwindling population of the animal, probably due to lack of conservation. The highest numbers of chital … Over the same period, 42 countries imported musk and musk products. This last remaining habitat of the species sustain about two hundred Asiatic lions which were under severe threat due to over-grazing by domestic livestock, depletion of prey species, etc. The Musk Deer has long, curved canine teeth that project well below its lips. The project was simple: Robin Rinaldi, a successful magazine journalist, would move into a San Francisco apartment, join a dating site, and get laid. Project Tiger represents the country's commitment to protecting wildlife and is recognized today as a conservation success story. For the details of these projects, read this article. The Sikhote-Alin State Biosphere Zapovednik (Nature Reserve) recently started a research and conservation program focusing on Far-eastern musk deer (Moschus moschiferus). Article 48-A of the Constitution states: "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country." Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic. Under joint collaboration with the IUCN and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Jammu & Kashmir state took up a project for the protection and conservation of this animal in 1970. However, of the 30177.19 km2potential habitat, only 19.26% (5815.08 km2) is inside the protected areas and the remaining 80.73% falls outside the protected areas. 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