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vietnam human trafficking report

Additionally, the Women’s Union and officials from many provinces, districts, and communes organized multiple trainings, including on prevention and victim assistance. Victim identification and assistance procedures remained cumbersome, slow, and ineffective. MoLISA conducted an inspection, in coordination with public security agencies, and discovered 91 cases related to violations in the recruitment of labor for overseas employment and found 55 organizations and individuals without relevant permits. Human Trafficking in Vietnam. • Amend the penal code to criminalize sex trafficking of 16- and 17-year-old children, consistent with international law. A 2018 report by the Vietnamese National Committee on Crime Prevention and Control found from 2012 to 2017 law enforcement agencies rescued and received about 7,500 trafficking victims (1,250 per annum), where over 90% were female and 80% were from an NGOs and the media in Japan reported Vietnamese workers pay $7,000 to third party brokers in Vietnam before entering the TITP program and then often must pay $4,000 to $5,000 if they break their contracts, trapping them in debt bondage. In 2018, authorities reported identifying 490 victims of trafficking (670 victims in 2017, 1,128 victims in 2016). For travel to the United States on a temporary basis, including tourism, temporary employment, study and exchange. The victim identification process remained overly cumbersome and complex, requiring sign-off from multiple ministries before victims could be formally identified and assisted. During the reporting period, the government’s existing bilateral anti-trafficking agreements with Cambodia, China, Laos, Republic of Korea, Thailand, and the United Kingdom (UK) to improve law enforcement coordination remained in force. • Coordinate and effectively implement policies across government agencies to identify and assist victims among vulnerable groups, such as migrant workers, individuals in prostitution, and child laborers, and train relevant officials on these procedures. Despite these efforts, unscrupulous third-party recruiting organizations often placed migrant workers in debt. • Vigorously prosecute all forms of trafficking and convict and punish traffickers, including in cases involving forced labor or complicit officials. Vietnam. One study suggests 5.6 percent of children in Vietnam may experience coercion or exploitation indicative of trafficking or in the context of migration, with children from rural and deprived communities particularly at risk. The government had common victim identification criteria as part of the Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative against Human Trafficking and its own 2014 procedure for victim identification; however, neither the criteria nor the procedures were reported to be proactively or widely employed, including among women arrested for commercial sex acts, migrant workers returning from abroad, and child laborers. While Articles 150 and 151 came into effect during the previous reporting period, the government did not circulate implementing guidelines until January 2019, which did not take effect until March 2019. During the migration process European gangs and traffickers often exploit Vietnamese victims in forced labor and sexual exploitation before they reach their final destination. Learn more about quality higher-education opportunities in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the world. Informally, MPS officials estimated the vast majority of identified cases involved transnational trafficking. Because the government did not disaggregate its data by trafficking type, it did not report—for the eighth consecutive year—whether it prosecuted any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the anti-trafficking law. The government reported 269 of the 300 victims requested and received assistance, compared with 490 in 2018 and 500 in 2017. They stole my mother’s organs: a Vietnamese human trafficking victim on going to the UK Nguyen was held captive in Vietnam and then forced to work … The Women’s Union, in partnership with NGOs and with foreign donor funding, continued to operate three shelters in urban cities, including one dedicated to trafficking victims. Photo: VNA This was the… • Expand training for social workers, first responders and the judiciary on victim-centered approaches to working with victims of trafficking, including trauma-informed care. The government continued to operate 94 social protection or social service centers, some funded by NGOs, to assist victims nationwide, but none provided services to male or child victims exclusively. The government continued to support English and some ethnic minority languages on the hotline. The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. The law protected victims from prosecution for unlawful acts traffickers coerced them to commit, but NGOs previously reported victims were less likely to come forward about their abuses in a judicial setting due to fears they may face arrest or deportation for crossing the border without documentation. The topic was chosen after consultation with legal representatives who identified a major gap in country-of-origin information (COI), in particular in relation to treatment upon return and the associated risk of re-trafficking. The government maintained labor representatives at diplomatic missions in countries that host large numbers of documented Vietnamese migrant workers such as Japan, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). yi wang, trafficking in women and children from vietnam to china: legal framework and government responses, anti-human trafficking program in vietnam (oxfam: quebec 2005). Vietnam reported 490 human trafficking victims in 2018. A Source Country: Vietnam is a predominant source country of human trafficking and also a destination country, mainly for Cambodian migrants. The Vietnamese government identified about 7,500 victims of human trafficking between 2012 and 2017, with 80 percent of the victims coming from remote ethnic communities. Civil society reported while the government made efforts to translate campaign materials into regional languages to increase awareness, many at-risk populations found the information abstract and difficult to understand. Many workers incurred high debts and were more at risk for forced labor, including debt-based coercion. Vietnam's Public Security Ministry has said it collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking rings. Will you help make a change? "Vietnam is considered a hotspot for human trafficking and illegal migration among countries in the Mekong Subregion, with estimated profits of tens of billions of U.S. dollars per year," Le Van Nhan, deputy head of the anti-human trafficking division under the Public … Local and provincial government officials at times did not demonstrate a clear understanding of victim identification, including in some cases by conflating it with the confirmation of official identity documents. The agreements helped to facilitate law enforcement actions by subnational officials in this centrally managed country. OFFICE TO MONITOR AND COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS. Vietnamese citizens, primarily women and girls, have been sex trafficked into … • Fully prohibit all worker-paid recruitment fees and predatory recruitment practices for workers migrating abroad or to Vietnam, including by strengthening efforts to monitor labor recruitment companies and third-party sub-brokers and prosecuting predatory or illegal sub-brokerage networks. The government reported repatriating 51 victims to Vietnam and assisting an additional 331 victims overseas, compared with 386 Vietnamese victims in 2018 and 138 in 2017. Vietnam is primarily a source country for women and children trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. The country has recorded over 3,400 victims of human trafficking since 2013, over 90 percent of them women, children and people from ethnic minority communities. The Ministry of Information and Communication and the Vietnam Women’s Union organized public awareness campaigns focused on high-risk groups such as female migrant and agricultural workers, construction workers, and communities sending migrant labor abroad, as well as targeting schools in high-risk communities. Today we take another key step towards that goal. It identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years. As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam, and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. Train officials on implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, with a focus on identifying and investigating forced labor and internal trafficking cases, including cases involving male victims. Human Rights in Vietnam 2012 Report → Human Trafficking in Vietnam. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. The SituationVietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and conditions of forced labor. However, civil society reported callers have difficulty when speaking with an operator with a different regional dialect. Some recruitment companies are unresponsive to workers’ requests for assistance in situations of exploitation, and some charge excessive fees that trap workers in debt bondage. The government decreased law enforcement efforts but improved its anti-trafficking training. Vietnam. The government sought to address this issue administratively, but illustrative examples in specific cases were not known by the close of the reporting period. Large-scale Vietnamese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries such as Laos may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers. Delays in issuing implementing guidelines may have contributed to fewer investigations and prosecutions of trafficking cases during the reporting period. These efforts included providing trafficking victims the affirmative right to legal representation in judicial proceedings; increasing the amount of time victims could remain in a shelter by one month and the amount of financial support provided to them for certain basic needs; continuing to operate large-scale awareness campaigns in communities vulnerable to trafficking, including workers migrating overseas; and training law enforcement officials. Labor recruitment firms, most affiliated with state-owned enterprises, and unlicensed brokers reportedly charged workers seeking overseas employment higher fees than the law allows. The 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report highlights the successes achieved and the remaining challenges before us on this important global issue. The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs maintained two rooms in a government-run shelter devoted to trafficking victims transiting through Ho Chi Minh City, where they could stay for up to two months. By vnmission | 21 June, 2019 | Topics: Official Reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. – Vietnam Bilateral Relations. Vietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for sexually trafficked persons. Despite reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. With assistance from an international organization, the government submitted to the National Assembly a revised law governing contract-based Vietnamese overseas workers; the law remained pending at the close of the reporting period. • Continue to train officials on implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, with a focus on identifying and investigating forced labor and internal trafficking cases, including those involving male victims. During the reporting period, the government signed a bilateral anti-trafficking agreement with the United Kingdom to improve law enforcement coordination, and with the Republic of Korea to enhance cooperation between judicial officials, including training Vietnamese prosecutors. In November 2019, the Supreme People’s Court issued additional guidance on trial procedures for cases involving sexual assault victims under the age of 18, including trafficking victims. US report on human trafficking contains subjective info about Vietnam Thursday, 07/02/2020, 22:35 VOV.VN - A Vietnamese Foreign Ministry spokesperson affirmed on July 2 that the US Department of State’s 2019 Trafficking in Persons Report does not reflect objectively and accurately the situation as well as anti-trafficking efforts in Vietnam. Some traffickers pose as police officers on social media networks to gain victims’ trust. MOLISA distributed thousands of handbooks on legal rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers. In December 2019, guidance implementing the 2015 Criminal Procedure Code took effect and newly guaranteed victims of trafficking the right to legal representation. International observers previously reported government officials often blamed Vietnamese citizens for their exploitative conditions abroad or suggested victims inflate abuses to avoid immigration violations. The government did not report how the 2018 restructuring of the MPS, in which the MPS Staff Department responsible for anti-trafficking policies and procedures merged with the Criminal Police Department responsible for trafficking operations, improved the flow of information and interagency coordination or law enforcement efforts during the reporting period. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Traffickers subject some children to forced or bonded labor in brick factories, urban family homes, and privately run rural gold mines. Despite some reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government employees complicit in human trafficking offenses; however, corruption and official complicity, especially with respect to labor export enterprises, remained significant concerns, inhibiting law enforcement action during the year. ... That source is now very out of date – the 2019 Department of State Report states that Vietnam “identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years” and “decreased law enforcement efforts,” and downgrades Vietnam … The Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MoLISA) and government-affiliated Women’s Unions often referred victims to NGOs depending on their individual needs. NGOs reported the victim identification process remained overly cumbersome and complex, requiring sign off from multiple ministries before victims could be formally identified and assisted. Prisoners reportedly work in agriculture and manufacturing, and there have been reports of prisoners of conscience working in hazardous industries such as cashew processing. The report provides a systematic analysis of the different strategies the Foundation has undertaken in the past six years in addressing human trafficking, some of which were also presented at the workshop. These efforts included disseminating implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, operating large-scale awareness campaigns in communities vulnerable to trafficking, and government facilitated trainings for Consular officers, police, and other relevant agencies to combat trafficking. We consider that she has not shown that she faces a real risk of ill-treatment on return to Vietnam, whether on account of her previous experience as a victim of trafficking or otherwise’ (Paragraph 51). Sex trafficking in Vietnam is human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and slavery that occurs in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Deputy Spokesperson of the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pham Thu Hang. The government reported repatriating over 386 Vietnamese victims in 2018 (138 in 2017). Some diplomatic personnel previously reportedly lacked sufficient training to adequately assist victims, and NGOs abroad previously reported some overseas missions were unresponsive to foreign government and NGO attempts to refer Vietnamese victims to them. Traffickers exploit Vietnamese women and children in sex trafficking abroad; many are misled by fraudulent employment opportunities and sold to brothel operators on the borders of China, Cambodia, and Laos, and elsewhere in Asia, including Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand. Inconsistent with international law, Article 150 applied to children between the ages of 16 and 17 years old and required a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute a sex trafficking offense; therefore, it did not criminalize all forms of child sex trafficking. Law enforcement efforts were impeded by the delayed release of formal implementation guidelines on Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code. Some recruitment companies are unresponsive to workers’ requests for assistance in situations of exploitation, and some charge excessive fees that trap workers in debt bondage. Police continued efforts to mainstream trafficking content into the training curriculum for new recruits; the MPS organized 12 trainings for 500 police officers, and in cooperation with an international donor, organized trainings on child sexual assault, including child sex trafficking. A lack of interagency coordination and unfamiliarity among some provincial officials with anti-trafficking law and victim protection continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts. The government did not provide comprehensive statistics disaggregating cases by type of trafficking, victim age or gender, source, or destination. Adopt a 2021-2025 national action plan that clarifies the roles of national and subnational entities across ministries; stipulates law enforcement, protection, and prevention actions; is informed by disaggregated trafficking data collection; and allocates sufficient resources to implementation. International observers noted Vietnamese government officials sometimes considered the exploitation of Vietnamese workers abroad to be the host countries’ responsibility and beyond their purview. There are increasing reports of Vietnamese labor trafficking victims in continental Europe, the Middle East, and in Pacific maritime industries. For the seventh consecutive year, the government did not prosecute any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the anti-trafficking law. As mentioned earlier, most of the Vietnamese victims found in the tragedy involving 39 trafficking victims came from Nghe An. Authorities reported distributing 25,000 copies of awareness materials in border areas and 900 handbooks in particularly vulnerable communities. An official website of the United States government, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. Over one and a half years the research investigated the issue of human trafficking from Vietnam to the Article 150 of the penal code criminalized labor trafficking and sex trafficking of adults and prescribed penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines of 20 million to 100 million Vietnamese dong (VND) ($862 to $4,310). The government continued efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. Sex trafficking victims in the country are from all ethnic groups in Vietnam and foreigners. The government reported training, at times in coordination with international organizations, 153 law enforcement officials on Articles 150 and 151; 136 border guards and Women’s Union officials; 128 interagency officials on combating child trafficking; 410 interagency officials on Vietnamese anti-trafficking regulations; and nearly 300 diplomatic and consular officers. Although Vietnam is making significant efforts to combat human trafficking, the Vietnamese government did not meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking according to the U.S. The Ministry also held workshops on international migration and human trafficking prevention to improve the capacity of desk officers at the ministry and localities in Vietnam. While the merging of these departments could potentially improve the flow of information and interagency coordination, civil society reported this reshuffle, coupled with extremely high turnover within the MPS, significantly slowed law enforcement efforts. In September 2018, the Supreme People’s Court issued a circular detailing the trial procedures dealing with cases involving victims under the age of 18, designed to make court proceedings more child-friendly. Disparate government bodies continued to report discrepant, overlapping, or incomplete data on anti-trafficking law enforcement and victim identification, and authorities often did not disaggregate trafficking offenses from possible migrant smuggling cases. • Increase national funding available to provincial-level authorities to provide services to reintegrated victims of trafficking. In December 2019, the government affirmatively provided victims the right to legal representation, and in January 2020, it significantly enhanced victim assistance by extending from two to three months the authorized length of a victim’s stay at support facilities and increasing the amount of financial support for certain basic needs. As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. Under the UK agreement, in April and August 2019 the government issued an action plan that assigned specific anti-trafficking responsibilities to various agencies and approved a UK-sponsored project to combat human trafficking. The government maintained common victim identification criteria as part of the Coordinated Mekong Ministerial Initiative against Human Trafficking (COMMIT) and maintained its own formal procedure for victim identification, but it did not proactively or widely employ either mechanism among such vulnerable groups as women arrested for prostitution, migrant workers returning from abroad, and child laborers. The Vietnamese government commenced a large scale restructuring of the MPS, merging its Staff Department (C42) responsible for anti-trafficking policies and procedures with the Criminal Police Department (C45) responsible for trafficking operations. • Vigorously prosecute all forms of trafficking and convict and punish traffickers, including in cases involving forced labor or complicit officials. Deputy Chief of Mission Christopher Klein, Federal Assistance and Scholarship Programs, Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI), USAID Launches New Project to Support Vietnam’s Commitment to End HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis by 2030, The National Tuberculosis Program Partners with USAID to Implement a New Strategy to End TB in Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Advance Clean Energy Deployment in Vietnam, Joint Statement on United States, Japan and Vietnam Cooperation to Support Vietnam’s Energy Transitions Through LNG Utilization, Consular Sections Closed on January 1, 2021, Consular Sections Closed on December 24 and December 25, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks for the 25th Anniversary Gala Events, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks at 25th Anniversary Event Hosted by the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organizations (VUFO), STATEMENT BY MORGAN ORTAGUS, SPOKESPERSON, Remarks by Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Biegun at the Embassy of Vietnam’s Virtual 25th Anniversary Celebration, The United States’s Commitment and International Law in the South China Sea, The United States and Vietnam Strengthen Partnership to Address War Legacies, The United States Agency for International Development Announces Completion of its Green Annamites Project, U.S. APNSA Robert C. O’Brien’s Visit to Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Help Vietnam Improve its Social Health Insurance Implementation, Secretary Pompeo’s Meeting with Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, International Religious Freedom Report for 2016 – Vietnam, Peace Corps in Vietnam – U.S. Embassy and U.S. Consulate General Ho Chi Minh City (January 5, 2021), Upcoming Events for the Public at the American Center Hanoi. The Ministry of Information and Communication and the Women’s Union, along with several provincial, district, and commune-level officials, continued to organize several large-scale public awareness campaigns, reflecting the importance of awareness in the national action plan. • Invite independent verification of the termination of forced labor within drug treatment centers and provide results of such verification. • In coordination with civil society, update implementing guidelines on victim identification to reduce bureaucratic obstacles preventing victim detection and train cross-sectoral officials on their usage. Following the October 2019 discovery of 39 deceased Vietnamese nationals, including three minors, in a refrigerated container truck in England, the Vietnamese government issued a resolution ordering relevant agencies and diplomatic personnel in the UK to strictly investigate the incident and curb migrant smuggling. Traffickers increasingly exploit girls from ethnic minority communities in the northwest highlands, including in sex trafficking and domestic servitude, by channeling their criminal activities through the traditional practice of bride kidnapping. Mapping vulnerabilities of victims of trafficking from Vietnam to Europe 9 This research was conducted by Every Child Protected Against Trafficking (ECPAT UK), Anti-Slavery International (Anti-Slavery) and Pacific Links Foundation (Pacific Links). Distributed thousands of handbooks on legal Rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers, mainly Cambodian... Trafficking victims in 2017 ) before victims could be re-traumatizing to victims of trafficking implementation guidelines Articles! Vietnamese confined to drug treatment centers it collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human in... Begging in major urban centers 150 and 151 of the penal code to sex. 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