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challenges of curriculum development

Curriculum development is often affected by prevailing educational theories that are influential from time to time. There are many different theories for curriculum design and many affecting factors and challenges when setting or updating a curriculum. Developing Curriculum for Excellance – Challenges and Opportunities Curriculum for Excellence (CfE)has been hailed by the Scottish Government as ‘one of the most ambitious programmes of educational change ever undertaken in Scotland’. Lubna Alsagoff. The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) employs the same curriculum development process though it uses different terminology: Phase 2: Curriculum Writing (constructing), Phase 4: Curriculum Evaluation and Review (evaluating). Some of the key challenges influencing curriculum development especially for schools are political intervention, educational theories, conflicted stakeholders, and who is included/excluded in the curriculum development process as discussed previously. This situation presents a problem for curriculum developers unless a resolution can be found. As Lead Writer and then Team Leader with an advisory group and writers for primary and secondary schools, Professor Print then produced the Australian Curriculum Civics and Citizenship (ACCC) which was subsequently distributed, reviewed, received feedback, and finalized by the end of 2013 (ACARA, 2014). Some examples include: Educational theories challenges. Who are these curriculum developers? Curriculum design. Consequently, any curriculum must be designed and developed by one person or group and immediately, issues of complexity and challenge arise. Second, and importantly for any newly implemented curriculum, teachers continue to require extensive professional development to implement the ACCC effectively, and this has not been forthcoming. (What approach to achieve the aim? Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. All educational enterprises use a curriculum that must be designed and developed by one person or group and immediately, issues of complexity and challenge arise. For example, in early childhood education a conflict has emerged between stakeholders who support play-based learning compared with those who advocate greater structured learning. Which also applies to professional development for curriculum design. It is nothing than decision making that involves selecting and organizing the Fourth, the next generation of teachers will require teacher education programs that reflect the ACCC as it is implemented within the Australian jurisdictions. Unavailability of school facilities 3. Rather, it is complex, full of twists and turns, and requiring significant thought and input from curriculum developers. Government and democracy involves a study of Australian democracy and the key institutions, processes and roles people play in Australia’s system of government. objective design), selecting (i.e. Meanwhile, to complicate matters, some states had commenced implementing the v7.2 version while others planned to implement the post-review 2015 v8 version. 1. It may be because they lack materials or lack the knowledge to be able to do a Challenges Faced by Teachers in the area of Curriculum Implementation 3 thorough process. It was clear that Civics and Citizenship should be part of the formal school curriculum, though initially restricted to Years 3–10 as well as in wider whole-school programs: “this could include participation in experiences external to the school but linked to the school curriculum (for example, community activities, parliamentary education programs, civic institution visits and electoral commission programs)” (ACARA, 2012, p. 15). the effective teacher, challenges of the teacher as a curriculum implementer which include: Non-involvement of teachers in curriculum planning and development processes, unconducive school environment among others were highlighted and Curriculum is, in effect, whatever people say it is—a group of school subjects, the written syllabus of subject matter content, learner experience, or even teacher practice in classrooms. Multiple foundations of contemporary curriculum development, such as ‘cognitive models’, gender issues or globalisation issues; and 3. These were subsequently reconceptualized and expanded by curriculum developers such as Skilbeck (1984) and Print (1993). The curriculum explores how the people, as citizens, choose their governments; how the system safeguards democracy by vesting people with civic rights and responsibilities; how laws and the legal system protect people’s rights; and how individuals and groups can influence civic life. 70 Downloads; Abstract. need analysis, task analysis), design (i.e. As reflective, active, and informed decision-makers, students should be well placed to contribute to an evolving and healthy democracy that fosters the wellbeing of Australia as a democratic nation. Olukemi Josephine Omoniyi, Boluwaji Clement Elemure . Curriculum Development Challenges in Advancing Conversational Languages 53 curriculum development and implem entation in schools. , competition, and requiring significant thought and input from curriculum developers the creation of laws citizens! 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