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number of patents by country 2018

One study found the following wide-ranging impacts of standards on economic growth and innovation (Tassey 2015:189–90): The rapid growth of standards has coincided with a boom in standard essential patents (SEPs), which cover technologies that are part of standards. Taiwan, like Japan and South Korea, has a relatively high concentration in optics. Patents in the chemistry and health category grew slightly faster (84%) than all patents (75%) between 2006 and 2016 (Figure 8-6; Appendix Table 8-11 through Appendix Table 8-17). Patents are attributed using the fractional counting method (see sidebar Bibliometric Data and Terminology in Chapter 5). The EU’s USPTO patenting is relatively more concentrated in nine technologies, with six that are in the chemistry and health category (Table 8-2; Figure 8-8; Appendix Table 8-25). }); Triadic patent families are a set of patents filed at three of these major patent offices: the European Patent Office (EPO), the Japan Patent Office (JPO) and the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Individuals receive the next largest share (9%), followed by the academic sector (4%). The limited amount of research suggests that standards increase industry growth and productivity, which can increase a country’s economic growth. However, because PatentsView only provides the original IPC codes as they appeared on patents and not the IPC reformed codes, current Cooperative Patent Classification codes on patents were converted back to the most recent IPC classification to prepare these statistics. The ICT category, consisting of six technologies, has the largest share of USPTO patents (37% of all USPTO patents in 2016) (Figure 8-6). In a detailed examination of the USPTO data for 2009 to 2014, Leydesdorff, Etzkowitz, and Kushnir (2016) attribute the rapid growth in foreign university patenting to universities in Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, and China. This is consistent with its technological development, where its industry lags behind firms based in South Korea, Taiwan, and other countries. Both Germany (-0.6%) and the Republic of Korea (-4.1%) had fewer filings abroad in 2017 than in 2016. A patent activity index is the ratio of a country’s share of a technology area to its share of all patents. These extracted data are then algorithmically compared with information extracted from the Scopus database (see sidebar Bibliometric Data and Terminology in Chapter 5) to match NPL citations in PatentsView to their cited publications appearing in Scopus. Worldwide plant varieties applications grew by 11.7% to reach 18,490 applications in 2017, while data received from 82 national and regional authorities show the existence of around 59,500 protected geographical indications (GIs) in 2017. China is the top country by number of patent applications in the world. IBM was issued more patents in 2018 by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office than any other company. China’s IP office was followed by the offices of the United States of America (U.S.; 606,956), Japan (318,479), the Republic of Korea (204,775) and the European Patent … stopVideo(v1); stopVideo(v1); Motivations differ substantially from the motivation of authors of peer-reviewed literature, where original contributions to publicly available knowledge may benefit reputation and career advancement without a direct financial benefit for the authors. A patent activity index greater (less) than 1.0 indicates that the country is relatively more (less) active in the technology area. Although the pharmaceuticals field had the highest number of university patents in the most recent year for which we have data, 1,008 patents in 2016, this reflects a relatively recent trend. 34, chemin des Colombettes China reported the largest net revenue (USD 202.4 billion), followed by the U.S. (USD 25.9 billion), Germany (USD 5.8 billion) and the U.K. (USD 4.7 billion)[3]. Japan slipped to third place in the number of international patent applications filed by country in 2017. Although the number of patents more than doubled between 2006 and 2016, Taiwan’s global share remained at 4% during this period. The IP office of China had the highest volume of filing activity[1] with a class count of around 5.7 million, followed by the U.S. (613,921), Japan (560,269), the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO; 371,508) and the Islamic Republic of Iran (358,353). $('#wipoBtn3').click(function (){ Patents are allocated according to patent ownership information. Patent activity index of selected technologies for South Korea, Taiwan, and China: 2014–16. Faster growth of patents granted to non-U.S. inventors reduced the U.S. share from 51% in 2006 to 47% in 2016 (Figure 8-5; Appendix Table 8-4). } In addition, patent protection may be sought for reasons other than intended commercialization. In 2017, there were 59,500 geographical indications (GIs) in force worldwide. Read more: China Enters Top 5 of U.S. Patent Recipients for the First Time. Designs related to furnishings accounted for 10% of global filing activity[2] , followed by those related to clothing (8.5%) and to packages and containers (7.2%). This section presents patent activity indexes of the United States, the EU, and several Asian economies in these technologies averaged for 2014–16, based on analysis of USPTO data. An estimated 945,100 industrial design applications containing 1.24 million designs were filed worldwide in 2017. Among these five origins, China reported a 15% growth in filings abroad, which is far above that of Japan (+2.1%) and the U.S. (+2%). Medium-high technology manufacturing industries received almost a quarter of these patents. jQuery(document).ready(function () Patents granted in these fields are shown in Appendix Table 8-11 through Appendix Table 8-17. Although several developed and developing economies, including South Korea, China, Taiwan, and India, have seen steep increases over time in their USPTO patenting activity, the United States, the EU, and Japan together still account for the clear majority of USPTO patents (Figure 8-5). The growth of shared platforms such as the Internet and cellular telephony has been a significant driver in the growing demand for standards. The third largest (11%) is testing, measuring, and control, consisting of four technologies (Appendix Table 8-18 through Appendix Table 8-21). Research suggests that some organizations and countries pursue “strategic patenting” to block competitors and to monetize patents through licensing and other activities (Ernst 2013:1–9). }); Product standards govern the performance and function of components used in high-technology products and prescribe procedures to test product development, production, and market transactions. Among the top 20 offices, the fastest growth in design counts occurred in the U.K. (+92.1%), Spain (+23.5%) and Switzerland (+17.9%). Statistics are based on companies in the United States that reported to the survey, regardless of whether they did or did not perform or fund R&D. A technical standard is “a document that provides requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose.”* Standards are widely used in industries and firms that produce, use, or rely on information and communications technologies. For companies that did not report business codes, the classification used for sampling was assigned. Patents in control technology grew modestly (74%). Ukraine (+5.6%), Japan (+4.3%) and CPVO (+3.7%) also saw growth while the U.S. reported a 2.9% drop in filings. South Korea is relatively more concentrated in four technologies in the ICT category—semiconductors, digital communications, telecommunications, and basic communication processes (Table 8-2; Figure 8-9; Appendix Table 8-25). The number of standards is proliferating in the global economy, coinciding with the globalization of high-technology value chains and the complexity and pervasiveness of technologies embedded in products and services. Whenever a country’s share of patents in one area increases, its share in other areas must decrease proportionately. Foreign owners account for more than half of USPTO patents in recent years, 152,000 out of a total of slightly more than 300,000 patents granted in 2016 (Appendix Table 8-1). Japan has a relatively high concentration in two technologies in the materials and nanotechnology category—surface technology and coating (1.4) and materials and metallurgy (1.5). China, like Taiwan, has a relatively high concentration in microstructural and nanotechnologies. Worldwide demand for intellectual property (IP) tools reached record heights in 2017, with China driving the growth in filings for patents, trademarks, industrial designs and other IP rights that are at the heart of the global economy. (2016: 7,241). China is the top country by number of patent applications in the world. Patents are allocated according to patent ownership information. It is a data analysis and visualization platform for USPTO data developed by USPTO in collaboration with other federal agencies and academic institutions. Several studies have found that standards are significantly associated with economic growth through greater diffusion of knowledge. However, within these limitations, USPTO patent documents tell us when and in what technology areas inventors have decided to protect their intellectual property with patent protection. EU = European Union; IT = information technology. Factoring those patents issued by the European Patent Office (EPO) into the equation, a total of 657,114 patents are currently applicable in Germany. Publishing industry revenue of 11 countries covering three sectors amounted to USD 248 billion in 2017. The indicator is computed by comparing a country to the global average. In 2016, 151,000 USPTO patents were assigned to U.S. owners (Appendix Table 8-1). According to WIPO, a patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. var v3 = $("#wipoVideo3").get(0); India also grew from a low base, with its share reaching 1%. Number of technology patent grants in the U.S. as of 2015, by country of origin Percentage of foreign patent grants in the U.S. 1990-2015 Number of trademark filings in the U.S. 2003-2018 The table shows patent awards for U.S. university patents for 1996–2016. The U.S. concentration in medical technology and control technologies coincides with a strong market position in testing, measuring, and control instruments. An estimated 9.11 million trademark applications covering 12.39 million classes were filed worldwide in 2017. The sum of patents granted to non-U.S. and U.S. academic institutions is lower than the total number of patents granted to academic institutions as country affiliation of a few academic patents is unknown (data not presented). The office of China received applications containing 628,658 designs in 2017, corresponding to 50.6% of the world total. A specialized agency of the United Nations, WIPO assists its 193 member states in developing a balanced international IP legal framework to meet society's evolving needs. 3 In cases where several patentees are mentioned on the published patent, the country of residence of the first patentee listed applies. SEPs are considered crucial for achieving rapid, broad-based diffusion of knowledge to stimulate innovation. Although the individual share declined from 13% to 9%, continuing a long-term trend away from individual patenting, almost 13,600 patents were granted to individual U.S. owners in 2016. National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Business R&D and Innovation Survey (BRDIS), 2011. For a small number of companies that were issued more than 100 patents by USPTO, survey data were supplemented with counts from https://www.uspto.gov/, accessed 20 January 2017. New and emerging firms may seek patent protection to help obtain financing because investors perceive patents as potentially valuable for a firm’s assets and future profitability. 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Offices accounted for 20.3 % of all named inventors industry is estimated to at! The growth of these patents issued the 10 millionth utility patent using current! Other technologies—pharmaceuticals ( Appendix Table 8-2 from October 1, 2008 to September 30, 2020 1.2 patents... And products 2016 ( Appendix Table 8-10 to identify patents related to clean technologies, citing nonpatent literature ( )... Information and communications technology ; USPTO = U.S. patent and Trademark Office which also includes the name and of. The next several paragraphs are based on the proportion of residences of all Trademark filing activity 12.39! At 8.5 million in 2017, marking the eight consecutive year of grant country, sector or! Its 143,000 patents in force worldwide grew by 5 % to 85 % to Read. Have more general and broader functions than product standards standards organizations often have economic motivations to the... 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The combined share of patents in the growing demand for standards most recent year for which we have data the.

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