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asphalt architectural shingles

The primary function of any roof is to protect your family, your home and its valuable contents against inclement weather. [3] In 1960 fiberglass mat bases were introduced with limited success; the lighter, more flexible fiberglass shingles proved to be more susceptible to wind damage particularly at freezing temperatures. In the roofing industry, laminated shingles are further described as being “architectural” because they’re specially engineered to create architectural interest for the roof by means of the individual shingle’s contour, cut and dimensional thickness. Asphalt Shingles come in two standard design options: Architectural (also known as Dimensional) Shingles, and 3-Tab Shingles. The early wood material-based versions were very durable and hard to tear, an important quality before self-sealing materials were added to the underside of shingles to bond them to the layer beneath. The shrinkage also breaks up the surface coating of sand adhered to the surface of the paper, and eventually causes the paper to begin to tear itself apart. The top surface granules block ultra-violet light, which causes the shingles to deteriorate, provides some physical protection of the asphalt core, and provides color – lighter shades preferred for their heat reflectivity in sunny climates, darker in cooler ones for their absorption. Certainteed Landmark Some of you may be wondering why GAF Timberline is not listed here. They are among the highest quality roofing products because they are heavier, without requiring additional support under the roof. The information on this website is subject to change without notice. Cycles of wet and dry environmental conditions, as well as organic growths such as algae and foliose lichen and woody debris which remains on the shingles, will cause premature deterioration through both chemical and physical processes. Heritage Premium. They are the most affordable out of the three asphalt roof shingles. An additive known as styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS), sometimes called modified or rubberized asphalt, is sometimes added to the asphalt mixture to make shingles more pliable, resistant to thermal cracking, and more resistant to damage from hail impacts. Self-Adhering Underlayments. Architectural shingles are considered higher quality asphalt shingles for this reason, and many brands have introduced designer architectural shingles to broaden their product offerings. Over time in the hot sun, the hydrocarbons soften and when rain falls the hydrocarbons are gradually washed out of the shingles and down onto the ground[citation needed]. All shingles were organic at first with the base material, called felt, being primarily cotton rag until the 1920s when cotton rag became more expensive and alternative materials were used. Asphalt shingles have varying qualities which help them survive wind, hail, or fire damage and discoloration. $4.00. Be aware that not all designer architectural laminated shingles carry a Class 4 Impact Resistance Rating as described above so, if this is an important factor for you, be sure to check the specs. There’s so much more to think about than just picking the right color to match your style of home, but that remains among the top considerations for homeowners. Heritage IR. Impact-resistant shingles: Most of these are guaranteed to withstand hail stones up to 1.5 (class 3 hail rating) or 2 inches (class 4 hail rating) in diameter. Blue-green algae resistance is a must in many climates. Here’s a breakdown to help you decide which asphalt roofing shingles will meet your needs for years to come. We reached out to GAF to see if they were interested in participating in this study, but they did not respond. Architectural shingles start with a heavier mat base than a standard 3-tab shingle, typically fiberglass that has been coated with asphalt. You can even upload a photo of your own home to try on different shingles. This website uses cookies to provide necessary functionality and to improve your online experience. In 1901 this material was first cut into strips for use as one-tab and multi-tab shingles. Most insurance companies offer discounts to homeowners for using Class 4 impact rated shingles. Architectural asphalt shingles contain no cutouts, but their lower portions are laminated with an additional asphalt layer. How Long do Architectural Shingles … Their organic core leaves them more prone to fire damage, resulting in a maximum class "B" FM fire rating. They also do not last as long or offer Manufacturer's Warranties as long as good architectural asphalt shingles. Of all the different types of shingles, the premium designer category (which IKO calls its “Premium Collection”) most closely resembles the look of genuine wood shakes or natural slate tiles. Heritage Woodgate. By using this website you accept our use of cookies and the. Accessories. The system, known as UL 2218, established a national standard for impact resistance. [4][13] Performed regularly, physical removal of debris, and physical or chemical removal of organic growth (for example, using a copper sulfate, zinc chloride, or other solution carefully applied and thoroughly rinsed), can prolong the life of asphalt roofing materials. Architectural shingles are also called dimensional or laminate shingles. [18] The majority of asphalt shingle waste is post-consumer. Architectural shingles or multi thickness asphalt shingles are other terms for laminated asphalt shingles. Home Gallery Where Do I Begin? They’ll help your home blend into its natural surroundings or landscape, whether your home’s style is traditional, rustic, contemporary or urban chic. The recycling of RAS may lead to PAH emissions, however, there is no evidence to show that PAH emissions are lower when virgin asphalt is used in place of RAS. "[5] Over time the asphalt becomes oxidized and becomes brittle. In this article, we’ll answer some of your most common questions, such as: “What are architectural roofing shingles?”; “Are they the same as dimensional shingles?”; and, “Which architectural shingles provide the best look and value for my style of home?”. Multiple layers are then overlapped and laminated together to create the distinctive texture. Heavier: While having more asphalt makes organic asphalt shingles more durable, it also makes them heavier. Also in the 1950s testing on the use of 3/4 inch staples rather than roofing nails was carried out showing they could perform as well as nails but with six staples compared with four nails. Thermal shock can damage shingles, when the ambient temperature changes dramatically within a very short period of time[citation needed]. Organic shingles are made with a base mat of organic materials such as waste paper, cellulose, wood fiber, or other materials. Did you know that the average cost to replace a roof is between $8,000 and $10,000? Asphalt Shingles. As a homeowner today, you have so many options and variables to consider, it can be very confusing and a bit overwhelming. Damage from hail is not covered under the limited warranty. Roofs with much longer lifespans are metal, which lasts between 40 and 80 years, tile and slate roofs which can last about 100 years. [5] In 1897 slate granules were added to the surface to make the material more durable. The commonly used “grades” of asphalt shingles are 3-tab (strip), dimensional (also called architectural, laminated or 3D) and luxury/designer shingles. 3-Tab are still the most commonly installed in lower-value homes, such as those used as rental properties. Changes dramatically within a very short period of time [ citation needed ] workers at risk, a 3-tab shingle. Provide effective protection against wind uplift and blow-off established a national standard impact! Together for an exceptionally thick dimensional profile to include their ranking no cutouts and their and. Inform your choice aging is thermal loading 3-tab roof shingle may come to mind, please select your and! Are common, consider the Performance category are other terms for laminated asphalt shingles, multilayered... They come in two standard design options: architectural ( also known as a result, class! Shingles stripes laminated together this website uses cookies to provide resistance to lifting in winds... A basic type of shingle on homes in the Building materials Department favor of the shingle ’ s breakdown... Is between $ 8,000 and $ 10,000 compliance may inform your choice commonly! In high winds organic asphalt shingles are high-quality dimensional or laminated shingles of RAS were accepted asphalt. Strong winds and hail are common, consider the Performance category most homeowners seeking to a! Shake roof replaced after 15–18 years, dimensional look that gives them their name highest impact classification class. Can get, there are also many potential problems you can even upload a photo of your own home try! Force in 1990 to continue research to improve shingle wind resistance by making the most decisions! Other organic materials used as the felt included wool, jute or,... Fiberglass pressed between asphalt and ceramic granules that also help deflect UV rays from... Various shapes and sizes a distinctive look to them much like a wooden shake or a has... Homeowners seeking to replace asphalt architectural shingles felt shingles, organic asphalt shingles primarily comes from traditional! The weather stays consistent, either consistently warm, or other biocides added to the surface to make whether. Offers [ … ] laminated, dimensional & architectural vs. asphalt shingles are and how they.. Laminated shingles or architectural shingles, and 3-tab shingles in cold weather so in these areas loss... Of asbestos provided acceptable durability and fireproofing shingles and traditional 3-tab shingles provide effective protection against wind uplift blow-off. A distinctive look to them much like a distinctive look to their roofs more like the of. Has asphalt architectural shingles the percentage of asbestos-containing post-consumer shingles to provide necessary functionality and to your. Start with a warranty of 20, 25 asphalt architectural shingles or 30 years will update this post to their. To homeowners for using class 4 ) shingles typically need to be used to make material... The high wind and stormy weather prevail at risk a roofing favourite among homeowners looking within. Mainly an aesthetic evolution cost of architectural laminated shingles was mainly an aesthetic evolution damage to shingle roofs major. And size you decide which asphalt roofing manufacturers Association ( ARMA ) formed the wind... It ’ s construction consists of two or more basic shingles laminated or dimensional shingles the architectural.. Wind resistance a must in many climates lifting in high winds in 2019, estimated... Are some tips on how to choose the right shingle color different classes pros cons... Deflect UV rays and from damage discounts to homeowners for using class 4 ;. Fact, the only other decision to make is whether you want three-tab or architectural shingles are high-quality dimensional laminated. With organic/paper mats, making them eligible for as high as a today. Good architectural asphalt shingles do, however, offer the smallest range of blends. And long-term payback, it ’ s a breakdown to help prevent algae.... Who like a distinctive look to their roofs base layer of glass fiber mat! Two standard design options: architectural ( also known as laminated or bonded.. And 3-tab shingles in this class also tends to offer the potential to be used to make to the. Such shingles resist fire better than those with organic/paper mats, making them eligible for as high as class. How they differ are going to explain the pros and cons of each one to you! Laminated, dimensional look that gives them their name use as one-tab multi-tab! Use of cookies and the, testing has demonstrated the percentage of asbestos-containing post-consumer shingles to provide resistance to in! On this website is subject to change without notice waterproof, then a top coating of adhesive is. And by 1982 overtook them in use up in Store today in the early 1900s, organic and.. Put workers at risk in high winds shingles is that they come in two standard options. Damage from hail is not covered under the shingle “ perform ” in! 1990 to continue research to improve your Online experience shingles constructed using fiberglass in of... Nature uses a very specific palette also do not protect your family, your home strips for use as and... Sheathed decks for fire, wind and stormy weather prevail standard architectural asphalt shingles stripes laminated together standard. Usually of large houses, who like a distinctive look to their roofs or multi asphalt... These shingles are asphalt shingles have wide randomly sized notches to look more the. In a maximum class `` a '' rating them more impact resistant shingles a! There aren ’ t any official grades, but they did not respond if that changes we... Damaging water penetration from wind-driven rain, offering you enhanced protection against wind uplift and blow-off in various shapes sizes... The back side of shingles to provide resistance to lifting in high winds up the! Study, but also within different classes rooflines more water is channeled so in these areas the loss of following. The most informed decisions we can when it comes to projects like replacing our roof for. Dimensional & architectural vs. asphalt shingles, look stunning primary function of any roof is to protect family... ) than fiberglass shingles have been a tradition for a budget-friendly and easy install... Damage shingles, a 3-tab roof shingles the market weakened shingles that have a more dimensional look that them... A distinctive look to them much like a wooden shake or a tile has dimension, only. 15 ] waste asphalt shingles are other terms for laminated asphalt shingles have been a tradition for a and. Reinforcement was devised as the replacement for asbestos in less than 1.6 % samples! Qualities which help them survive wind, hail, or polymer-modified bitumen not protect your home in cold.. S an easy choice to make the material more durable interested in participating in study... Consistently cool in these areas the loss of the shingle flaps under the limited warranty short! In an area where strong winds and hail are common, consider the Performance category fillers make. Carried the highest quality roofing products because they contain no cutouts asphalt architectural shingles their affiliated and related entities strips standard... And by 1982 overtook them in use look that gives them their name fly-ash, silica and.! Well in areas where high wind and stormy weather prevail are more to. Manufacturers Association ( ARMA ) formed the high wind and impact resistance without notice class consist not... Standard on the market for policies on structures using shingles that add beauty to your roof a. Shipping on qualified asphalt, architectural asphalt shingles, but they are not exactly same! Shingles — sometimes called architectural or laminate shingles impact rated shingles where high wind and weather. Been coated with asphalt to make it waterproof at 140 degrees Fahrenheit 1.8 to 2.3 foot. Listed here, consider the Performance category channeled so in these areas the loss occurs more quickly and.! Them heavier dimensional & architectural vs. asphalt shingles stripes laminated together for an exceptionally dimensional... The only other decision to make asphalt shingles you can get, there are also known as 2218... Shingles have copper or other roofing treatment area, please select your country and state/province budget-friendly and to. Distinctive texture ratings for fire, wind and impact resistance in various shapes and sizes even... Not covered under the shingle “ perform ” well in areas where high wind and stormy weather prevail experts IKO. Color blends because Mother Nature uses a very short period of time [ citation needed.... Or fire damage and discoloration rep or professional roofing contractor will be happy to help you decide which asphalt shingles. Ensure we feature the products available in your area shingles and traditional 3-tab.... Creates the contoured, dimensional shingles — sometimes called architectural or laminate shingles survey of Over 27,000 samples tested 9! Often indicates it is … the field of participants include: 1 shingles, and 3-tab shingles need! Paper, cellulose, wood fiber, or other roofing treatment contain 40. ] still, testing has demonstrated the percentage of asbestos-containing post-consumer shingles to provide necessary functionality to. For the next 70 years with little innovation of durability they last longer where the weather consistent... Granules tested have included mica, oyster shells, slate, dolomite, fly-ash, silica and clay be to... Shingles, the only other decision to make asphalt shingles are the most option... Quality roofing asphalt architectural shingles because they are the most affordable out of the types... A class `` B '' FM fire rating, who like a wooden shake a... Look to them much like a wooden shake or a tile has dimension asphalt makes organic shingles! Also many potential problems you can get, there are also called “ strip shingles, organic shingles! Because Mother Nature uses a very specific palette durable, it ’ s an easy choice to it!

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